Publications

The firm publishes specialized materials for the use of clients and others with an interest in particular areas of law. Please feel free to read those materials, grouped in the area on the right. However, before you do please read and make sure you understand our Terms of Use and the copyright restrictions for this site.

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Jackie King and Matilda Lici Head ShotPracticing law during a global pandemic is no easy feat. In many jurisdictions, courts and tribunals have ceased regular operations, bringing all but the most urgent litigation matters to a halt. Most of us have had to transition to an exclusively digital practice - a prospect that was previously either a pipe dream or nightmare, depending on which lawyer you asked. Days are now spent meeting with colleagues and clients through screens, signing documents electronically, and accessing files through the cloud. Many of us are navigating this new professional reality while having to care for children, living in cramped quarters, and facing financial uncertainty. The challenges we are facing are real, but there are actionable steps we can take to stay organized and alleviate the “noise” around us. Here are seven tips to manage (and even enjoy) your legal practice during this new normal. 

This is an excerpt from an American Bar Association Article.

Please click here to read the rest of the story.

Date_Published
2020-06-22
Description

peter murphy headshotA new law provides Ontario not-for-profit corporations temporary flexibility to schedule and conduct AGMs in the pandemic and post-pandemic period. The new law will expire 120 days after the end of Ontario's current state of emergency. As of the date of this article, Ontario's state of emergency is set to expire on June 30, 2020.

Each not-for-profit incorporated under Ontario law (a "Corporation") must look to its constating documents and the Corporations Act to determine the rules it must follow when scheduling and conducting its annual general meetings (AGM) and directors meetings.

Absent the new law, Corporations are required to hold their AGMs no more than 15 months after their previous AGM, and the financial statements presented at the AGM must be for the last fiscal period which must have ended no more than 6 months ago.

As long as the new law remains in force, however, Corporations must hold their AGMs no more than 15 months after their previous AGM and provide financial statements for the last year ending before the AGM. If this results in the Corporation being required to hold their AGM during Ontario's emergency period, then it may hold its AGM no later than 90 days after the end of Ontario's declared emergency period: Where the 15 month period ends within 30 days after the emergency period is terminated, the AGM must be held no later than the 120th day after the day the emergency period is terminated.

Absent the temporary law, Corporations that want to hold directors' meetings and members' meetings, including AGMs, by telephone or through online platforms like Zoom must ensure their constating documents permit this. Until recently, most Corporations' constating documents did not provide for electronic meetings. Many Corporations' constating documents permit directors' meetings to be held by conference call, but do not extend to new audio-visual online platforms and do not apply to AGMs and special member's meetings.

Under the new law, Corporations may hold members' meetings and directors' meetings electronically, despite any conflicting provisions in the Corporation's constating documents. As a result, no by-law amendments are required for Corporations to hold electronic directors and members meetings, including AGMs, but only as long as the temporary law remains in effect.

Once the new law expires, Corporations will have to ensure their constating documents permit electronic directors and members meetings if they want to continue to hold these meetings electronically. Given that no COVID-19 vaccine is expected to be available for quite some time, Corporations should review their constating documents now and amend them, if necessary, to ensure these meetings may continue to be held electronically after the new law expires.

This article is provided as general information and does not constitute legal advice. If you have any particular legal questions, please contact us.

Date_Published
2020-06-17
Description

Matthew Urback Head ShotEveryone has the ability to deal with their assets in any way they see fit during their lifetime. The theory goes that one should have that same ability upon death.

Testamentary freedom is an unassailable concept in Canadian law. There are very few ways in which a testator's authority to deal with their estate – in whatever way they wish – is fettered.

Once example is through dependant's support legislation. The determination as to who is a dependant and to what extent a dependant shall be compensated varies greatly from province to province.

This is an excerpt from an Ontario Bar Association, please click here to read the rest of the story.

Date_Published
2020-05-04
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