Name and Title
Audrey Loeb
Year of Call

1974 (Ontario)

  • Member, Canadian Condominium Institute
  • Member, Ontario Bar Association and Co-Chair of the Condominium Committee of the Real Property Subsection (Ontario)
  • Former member of the Board of Directors, Princess Margaret Hospital Foundation and its Audit & Accountability, Governance, and Leadership Committees as well as the founder and Chair of the “Weekend to End Breast Cancer” benefiting the Princess Margaret Hospital Foundation
  • Former member of the Board of Directors, Bridgepoint Hospital
  • Member of the Real Property Committee, Ministry of Government & Business Services

Deborah Howden Head ShotMore than a year into existence, Ontario’s Condominium Act Tribunal (CAT) is working effectively, Toronto employment lawyer Deborah Howden tells Law Times. 

Howden, partner with Shibley Righton LLP's Toronto office, tells the publication that while the tribunal only handles issues of access to records, that is the most common area of dispute between condo corporations and unit owners. 

“What’s distinctive about the CAT is this is a new tribunal in Ontario, and it’s a designated authority, and there’s only a handful of such authorities in the province,” Howden tells Law Times. 

“It’s our first and only online adjudication body.” 

She tells the legal publications that prior to the Ontario Condominium Act being amended, an owner with an issue had to have a reason related to the condo corporation to access to a particular document. 

A reason is no longer necessary for a purchaser, condo owner, or mortgagee of a unit to access that information, provided the record doesn’t relate to an exemption under the Condominium Act, Howden says.

This is an excerpt from an article that appeared on AdvocateDaily.com.

Please click here to read the rest of the story.


Audrey Loeb Head ShotThis is an important decision for Ontario consumers and I am delighted that Shane Dingman showed interest in it as well.

Court rules against de­vel­oper on pre­sale can­cel­la­tion
The Globe and Mail (Ontario Edition)
Mar 08, 2019



Audrey Loeb Head ShotA recent decision by the Court of Appeal continues a trend in condominium law regarding the obligations of Ontario developers when selling to purchasers.

This article appeared on The Lawyers Daily.


Audrey Loeb Head ShotThe Ontario government should consider streamlining the Condominium Act, Toronto condominium lawyer Audrey Loeb tells Law Times.

The legal publication reports that expected amendments to the Act have raised questions about when they’ll be enacted and if the Conservatives will revise changes the previous Liberal government had planned.

Any amendments would be in addition to the first phase of changes introduced in November 2017.

Loeb, partner with the Toronto office of Shibley Righton LLP, tells Law Times that the approach to the first and second phases poses a problem because the amendments are overly cumbersome.

This is an excerpt from an article that appeared on AdvocateDaily.com.

Please click here to read the rest of the story.


Audrey Loeb Head ShotChanges to Ontario's Condominium Act allowing electronic voting is not the panacea the government had envisioned, Toronto condominium lawyer Audrey Loeb tells AdvocateDaily.com.

The Act was amended in November 2017, which was the first overhaul of the province’s condo law in more than 16 years. One of the changes allows electronic voting, which “is separate and apart from the proxy vote,” says Loeb, partner with the Toronto office of Shibley Righton LLP.

However, the provision has only led to confusion, she says.

“The more the government has involved itself in trying to correct things in the Condominium Act, the more challenging the whole thing has become for many people. It’s not simple,” Loeb says.

Prior to the amendments, if condo owners were unable to attend a meeting they could assign a proxy to vote on their behalf, she says.

Electronic voting was supposed to make it easier for condo owners to get involved in meetings, but instead, the lines have been blurred, Loeb notes.

This is an excerpt from an article that appeared on AdvocateDaily.com.

Please click here to read the rest of the story.


Audrey Loeb Head ShotA disclosure obligation for candidates of condominium boards in Ontario will help ensure boards consist of members working for the good of all, Toronto condominium lawyer Audrey Loeb tells AdvocateDaily.com.

“Anybody who wants to run for the board already has to disclose if they have any convictions or legal proceedings and other information set out in a bylaw,” says Loeb, a partner with Shibley Righton LLP. “We convinced the government to add a new requirement that board directors also disclose whether they own or occupy a unit in the building.”

She says this mandatory disclosure obligation came because of efforts to expose some individuals trying to gain control of multiple condo boards and through investigative reporting by CBC News journalists.

Loeb says she became aware of people seeking to become board directors at multiple condos in Toronto and Mississauga through a client.

“They heard rumours some individuals were making efforts to get onto their condo corporation board,” she says. “In one of our buildings, we prevented these people from succeeding in doing this.”

This is an excerpt from an article that appeared on AdvocateDaily.com.

Please click here to read the rest of the story.


Audrey Loeb Head ShotThere is no doubt the varied uses of technology are here to stay, but Toronto condominium lawyer Audrey Loeb says the use of drones and artificial intelligence could clash with the privacy rights of condo dwellers.

Loeb, a partner with Shibley Righton LLP, tells AdvocateDaily.com there are many technological changes happening in the condominium corporation industry, like the introduction of artificial intelligence to monitor HVAC systems and the use of airborne drones to police properties for infractions of no smoking policies.

In preparation for the forthcoming changes, she offers this advice — "hold onto your hats."

Loeb foresees that "privacy, or the lack thereof, is going to be a problem."

"I just don't think we have an idea of what's actually going to happen," she says of the construction and surveillance technology under development.

This is an excerpt from an article that appeared on AdvocateDaily.com.

Please click here to read the rest of the story.


Audrey Loeb Head ShotCondominium corporations will only investigate if someone has been smoking or vaping cannabis in their unit when a formal complaint is lodged, Toronto condominium lawyer Audrey Loeb tells CBC.

“Here’s the thing: nobody is going to be going into the units on a daily basis to inspect if anybody’s smoking,” says Loeb, a partner with Shibley Righton LLP.

Even medical users who have a licence for cannabis can expect to face challenges in condos across Toronto, stemming from objections from other residents, she says.

“I think it’s going to be tough to get a doctor to say that the only way you can take cannabis is through smoking, and that’s the only way you’ll get relief (of symptoms),” Loeb says.

One medical cannabis user who was diagnosed with a condition that causes brain seizures received an exemption from his condo corporation and told CBC that using marijuana has helped him reduce the number of seizures by 80 to 90 per cent

This is an excerpt from an article that appeared on AdvocateDaily.com.

Please click here to read the rest of the story.


Audrey Loeb Head ShotWith the clock ticking down to legal weed day, a growing number of condo communities are tackling the thorny question of what to do about marijuana use in individual units. Many have circulated surveys to their residents.

Yet as condo lawyer Audrey Loeb, a partner with Shibley Righton LLP, points out, many others “are doing absolutely nothing” to alter their rules.

To date, most of the public and media attention about this issue has focused on a few high-profile cases, such as a Mississauga woman with a life-threatening allergy to marijuana smoke.

But these sorts of conflicts are exceedingly rare, and tend to be addressed using human rights laws.

This is an excerpt from an article that appeared on thestar.com.

Please click here to read the complete story.


Audrey Loeb Head ShotFor all those condominium owners who are hearing about the Toronto apartment dwellers who do not have insurance to pay their expenses to stay elsewhere while their apartment building’s electrical service is being repaired,  do not assume that you are protected by the condominium’s insurance. You are not. 

The same problem would happen for unit owners, who do not have their own insurance to cover this expense. 

The apartment dwellers are bringing a class action against the apartment building owners in an attempt to get compensation. However if this happened in a condominium and the owners decided to sue the condominium, the owners would be suing themselves so any money they recovered would be paid by them to them. 

Insurance for out of building living expenses when caused by an insured risk as well as insurance for items not included in the corporation standard unit listing and for the payment of insurance  deductibles is something no unit owner should be without. The costs of these losses can be very expensive. Unit owner insurance is relatively inexpensive.


Audrey Loeb Head ShotThe interests of condominium developers continue to supersede those of buyers although legislation offering more consumer protection waits to be proclaimed, Toronto condominium lawyer Audrey Loeb tells Law Times.

Indeed, a decision by the Ontario Court of Appeal overturned a breakthrough 1999 decision for condo owners that "set a minimum standard of disclosure that has governed developer disclosure until recently," she says.

"While we wait, buyers continue to find themselves in condominium communities where the interests of the developers take precedence over those of the purchasers," Loeb says, adding recent amendments to legislation deal with issues in the industry, but they have not been proclaimed.

She says condominium law experts in Ontario have been urging the province to provide a requirement of good faith in developer disclosure obligations.

"The development industry has resisted this," says Loeb, a partner with Shibley Righton LLP. "We do not understand why franchise legislation in Ontario offers much better protection to franchisees than the Condominium Act does to homebuyers. The franchise legislation requires good-faith disclosure on the part of franchisors with significant repercussions for failure to comply."

This is an excerpt from an article that appeared on AdvocateDaily.com.

Please click here to read the rest of the story.


Audrey Loeb Head ShotThe increasing number of units being used as short-term rentals is causing headaches for condominium boards, says Toronto condominium lawyer Audrey Loeb.

And she predicts those headaches will continue until the Ontario government steps in.

"I just think the government should take a more active role in helping the condominium corporations in terms of legislative modifications," says Loeb, a partner with Shibley Righton LLP.

"I think this mess of short-term rentals and allowing units to be used as hotels is really not the original intent and purpose of condominiums," she tells AdvocateDaily.com.

Loeb says the City of Toronto enacted a bylaw earlier this year that would, among other things, only allow licensed short-term rentals on an owner's principal residence, but it is being challenged this month before the Ontario Municipal Board (OMB). "Whether that will result in anything changing I don't know," she says.

The bylaw states a portion of a unit can be rented if the owner lives in it.

Loeb says these short-term rentals are becoming more popular as an alternative to hotels. With "tons" of condominiums owned by investors, "it's a good way to make a lot of money."

This is an excerpt from an article that appeared on AdvocateDaily.com.

Please click here to read the rest of the story.


Audrey Loeb Head ShotIn 1999, Justice Gloria Epstein in Peel Condominium Corporation No. 505 v. Cam Valley Homes Ltd., [1999] O.J. No. 4068 found, in a dispute between a townhouse condominium corporation and its developer that the adequacy of disclosure concerning the potential use of a parcel of adjoining park land, was not adequate and not made in good faith. The developer had disclosed only that the park land might be repurposed; the statement was buried deep in the documents. This decision was heralded as a breakthrough for condominium..

This is an excerpt from an article that appeared in The Lawyers Daily.

Please click here to read the rest of the story.


Audrey Loeb Head ShotWhile the recent amendments to Ontario’s Condominium Act may have been initiated to make life easier for unit owners and condo corporations, they have ended up creating more challenges for all involved, says Toronto condominium lawyer Audrey Loeb.

“We now have an Act that is just enormous. On the issue of regulation-making power alone, there are 666 references. I would like life to be easier for people, not more complex,” she tells AdvocateDaily.com.

When it comes to condo managers, the province has increased their burden exponentially, says Loeb, a partner with Shibley Righton LLP.

“I don’t know how managers are going to be able to work through all of the amendments,” she says.

Loeb says boards often end up micromanaging because property managers are dealing with so many issues. Any time there is new legislation, growing pains are to be expected, but for some condominium dwellers it will be difficult to navigate, she adds.

This is an excerpt from an article that appeared on AdvocateDaily.com.

Please click here to read the rest of the story


Audrey Loeb Head ShotToronto condominium lawyer Audrey Loeb became the public face of Ontario’s Condominium Act almost as soon as she began practising law.

The 1967 Act underwent its first wave of revisions in 1974, shortly after Loeb joined the province’s Ministry of Consumer Services, which was responsible for its administration. A major revamp would follow in 1978, but Loeb’s boss in the legal department disliked public speaking.

“Every time someone was supposed to speak about the Act, I was sent out, and eventually, I became affiliated with the law from a government perspective,” she tells AdvocateDaily.com.

More than four decades later, Loeb, a partner with Shibley Righton LLP, has long since switched to private practice, but remains synonymous with the law, having written several leading texts on the subject, including The Condominium Act: A User’s Manual and Condominium Law and Administration.

She also played a role in the development of the law via her membership in panels created by the provincial government to review and advise on amendments to the Act.

It could all have turned out differently for Loeb, who says she felt pushed into law school by her mother but took to the subject “like a fish to water.”

But when she graduated from Osgoode Hall Law School, one of just 15 women in the class, Loeb found Toronto’s legal scene an unwelcoming place.

“The only jobs women could get were in family or estates law,” she says. “I was married, I was a woman and I was Jewish. The truth is, nobody wanted me.” 

This is an excerpt from an article that appeared on AdvocateDaily.com.

Please click here to read the rest of the story.


Audrey Loeb Headshot

Shibley Righton's Audrey Loeb was recently interviewed by The Lawyer's Daily to discuss Realtors being charged after allegedly taking money for preferential access to condos

The Real Estate Council of Ontario (RECO) has charged three Toronto-area real estate agents with violations of the Real Estate and Business Brokers Act (REBBA) after allegedly taking money from clients improperly.

Charged are Sean Brackin of Bowmanville, as well as Jin Wang and Fang Ruan of Toronto, for accepting a “quantity of money” directly from customers in contravention of s. 31(2) of REBBA, which states “no broker or salesperson is entitled to or shall accept any commission or other remuneration for trading...

This is an excerpt from the interview, Please click here to read the complete article.

More About

Shibley Righton's condominium authority Audrey Loeb brings you up to date on all the opportunities and challenges of the Condominium Act, 1998, as well as other complex issues arising in the field with "The Condominium Act: A User's Manual, 5th Edition (Ontario 2018)"

Please click here for more information.

Click here to purchase the book.

Audrey M. Loeb

Audrey Loeb, LSM, B.A., LL.B., LL.M has a focused practice in conveyancing and condominium law. She provides advice to buyers and sellers on conveyancing matters, to developers on condominium development, and to condominium corporations on issues of corporate governance and operations. She has received several professional awards including the Law Society Medal for her significant contributions to the profession and to the community, the Ontario Bar Association’s Real Property Section Award of Excellence, and the Osgoode Hall Law School Alumni Gold Key award. Audrey has been recognized as a leading practitioner in her field by Martindale and Hubble, Lexpert, and Best Lawyers in Canada for several years. She is a member of the Canadian Condominium Institute and has served as a member of a condominium board of directors.

Audrey is the author of the two leading texts on condominium law: The Condominium Act: A User’s Manual, 3rd Edition, Carswell, and Condominium Law and Administration, 2nd Edition, Carswell. She is also the author of the booklet Condominium Ownership: What you need to know.

Audrey is a frequent lecturer for the Toronto Real Estate Board, the Law Society of Upper Canada, and the Ontario Bar Association. She has served as Co-chair of the Ontario Bar Association, Real Property Section Condominium Committee, and has been a member of the Ministry of Consumer and Business Services Real Property Registration Committee, the Ontario New Home Warranty Program Consumer Advisory Committee, the Board of Directors of the Real Estate Council of Ontario and National Board of Directors of the Canadian Condominium Institute. She is a member of the Expert Panel created by the Government of Ontario to review and advise on proposed amendments to the Condominium Act, 1998 and has been an active participant with the government in creating condominium law in Ontario.

In 2016, Audrey travelled to New Zealand to lecture at Auckland University Law School and at a legal Symposium in Christchurch. She was a co-founder of the Condominium Dispute Resolution Centre. She is a Professor Emeritus of Law at Ryerson University, School of Business Management. She has completed the Institute of Corporate Directors and the Joseph L. Rotman School of Management’s Financial Literacy Program for Directors and Executives and the Governance Essentials Program for Directors of Not-For-Profit Organizations.

Audrey is also a former member of the Board of Directors of Bridgepoint Health and of the Princess Margaret Hospital (now known as the Princess Margaret Cancer Foundation), as well as the founder of the “Weekend to End Women’s Cancers” benefitting the Princess Margaret Hospital Foundation.

Contact Information

T: 416.214.5267
F: 416.214.5467


LL.M., London School of Economics and Political Science

LL.B., Osgoode Hall Law School, York University

B.A., McGill University